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                中小学个性化辅导
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                【高中必读】史上最全英语口语连读牢剧条、略读牢剧条、断句牢剧条、重音牢剧条、语调等发音规则温菠干,收藏起来慢慢练!

                来源:金沙澳门官网网址教育     时间:2019-11-07 10:22:50


                中国人在口语表达的过程中温菠干,讲究“字正腔圆牢剧条、落地有声”牢剧条、“大珠小珠落玉盘”温菠干,所以中国人说话就像是数豆子一般温菠干,一颗一颗的往下落数的才清楚温菠干,但英语恰恰相反温菠干,它需要将一句话中的某些个重点词汇给凸出来温菠干,其它的非重点词汇弱化温菠干,尤其是在美音中温菠干,它甚至会将两个或者以上的单词全部连起来读了温菠干,感觉就像是第一个单词没有读完温菠干,下一个紧跟着已经读出来了温菠干,或者是将某个单词的某个辅音直接给省略掉了联凑暑。所以对已经习惯了一个字一个字掷地有声的中国人来说温菠干,好多人就会觉得英语“太含含糊糊”了温菠干,这也导致好多中国人听力非常的差联凑暑。

                相反温菠干,如果老外说英语的时候是按照中国人的“一字一字落地有声”来读温菠干,那就不存在什么口语表达牢剧条、听力不好的原因了联凑暑。

                所以温菠干,作为中国人温菠干,在学习英语的过程中温菠干,一定要去往英语语言习惯上靠近联凑暑。当然温菠干,要练成如此“英语式”的口语表达温菠干,最根本的还是要去注意英语中的连读和略读联凑暑。

                1 连读发音规则一辅音+元音

                一句话中相邻的两个单词温菠干,前一个单词以辅音结尾温菠干,后一个单词以元音开始温菠干,拼读成“辅音+元音”联凑暑。
                讲解:你还记得汉语拼音中有些单词xi'an(西安)牢剧条、ku'ai(酷爱)吗?如果去掉隔音符温菠干,就成了xian(先)牢剧条、kuai(快)了联凑暑。英文中几乎所有的句子都是从头拼到尾温菠干,简单地说:连音就是两个单词相遇能拼读就拼温菠干,不能拼读就让过联凑暑。

                例如:Take~it~easy

                短语练习(大声读出来喔):

                far~away It's not far~away from here.
                2.in~an~hour  I should be there in~an~hour.
                3.later~on  I'm going to see a movie later~on .
                4.put~it~on  Here's your sweater. Put~it~on.
                5.stand~up  Stand~up and stretch for a while.
                6.take~care~of  I'll always take care~of you .
                7.take~it~easy  Take~it~easy! Everything is going to be fine.
                8.take~off  Please fasten your seat belt. we will take~off shortly.
                9.there~are  There~are forty students in my class.
                10牢剧条、work~out  I work~out every day to keep fit.

                句子练习:

                1.come~on!cheer~up!

                2.keep~it~up!

                3.never give~up!

                4.I mean~it.

                5.I've got~a lot~of work to do.

                6.May I have~a cup~of milk?

                7.What do you think~of~it?

                发音规则二元音+元音

                一句话中相邻的两个单词温菠干,前一个单词以元音结尾温菠干,后一个单词以元音开始温菠干,则在两个元音之间加上一个轻微的 [j] 或 [w] 的音温菠干,拼读成“元音+ [j] 或 [w] +元音”联凑暑。
                [i:]或[eɪ]结尾的元音+[j]+元音1牢剧条、see us→see [j] us Come and see~us again soon.
                2牢剧条、be over→be [j] overIt will be~over soon.
                3牢剧条、be able→be [j] ableWill you be~able to come tomorrow?
                4牢剧条、say it →say [j] it
                Could you say~it again please?
                5牢剧条、pay Ann →pay [j] Ann Please pay~Ann her salary.
                以[u:]或 [əʊ] 结尾的元音+[w]+元音
                1牢剧条、do it→do [w] itDon't do~it again.2牢剧条、go up→go [w] upLet's go~upstairs and have dinner.
                3牢剧条、show us→show [w] usCan you show~us something else.
                注:元音与元音的连音是一种自然滑过后带出来的音联凑暑。当你的发音接近流利时温菠干,你会发现不用刻意去发 [j] 和 [w] 就可以有效果温菠干,所以尽管放松地去练习温菠干,模仿是第一老师联凑暑。

                发音规则三省略【h】的连读

                在连音规则中温菠干,以“h”开头的单词 [h] 音近乎省略联凑暑。因为 [h] 发音很特殊——只是出气没有摩擦温菠干,所以拼读时好像被省略了联凑暑。

                1牢剧条、Does~he know?2牢剧条、What~happened?3牢剧条、Please give~him a hand!

                What do you do for a living?这句话怎么连读?

                2  略读

                英文最明显的语音规则除了连读外温菠干,就是略读了联凑暑。爆破音和爆破音相邻温菠干,第一个爆破音只形成阻碍温菠干,但不发生爆破温菠干,称为失爆;爆破音和其他辅音相邻温菠干,该爆破音不完全爆破联凑暑。英语语音中的失爆和不完全爆破现象温菠干,我们简称为“略读”联凑暑。略读是英语语音学习的重点温菠干,也是一个难点温菠干,掌握好略读温菠干,也就掌握了地道英语发音的制胜法宝!
                注意:略读时并不是把整个音丢掉温菠干,而是发音时点到为止温菠干,有口型不发音或轻微发音联凑暑。

                重要学术名词--爆破音:[p] [b] [t] [d] [k] [g]1爆破音+爆破音=失去爆破Tips:
                六个爆破音中任意两个相遇温菠干,一个爆破音后紧跟着另一个爆破音时温菠干,前面一个音点到为止温菠干,形成阻碍温菠干,但不发生爆破;第二个音完全爆破;若第二个爆破音在词尾温菠干,则必须轻化联凑暑。

                以一个爆破音结尾并以同一个爆破音开始时温菠干,只发一次音温菠干,前一个音只做好发音准备而不发音温菠干,直接发第二个音联凑暑。

                单词内失爆

                1.active=a(c)tive  [k]+[t]Students are encouraged to be active in class.
                2.blackboard=blac(k)board [k]+[b]Our class has a large blackboard.
                3.dictation=di(k)tation  [k]+[t]We'll have dictation today.
                4.football=foo(t)ball  [t]+[b]There is going to be a football match tonight. Shall we watch it together?
                5.goodbye=goo(d)bye  [d]+[b]She waved me goodbye.

                句子内失爆以上列举的失爆和不完全爆破现象温菠干,都发生在单词内温菠干,实际上温菠干,在一个句子或者词组中温菠干,相邻的两个单词出现失爆和不完全爆破现象的几率要大于出现在单词内联凑暑。
                1.Stop talking!=Sto(p)-talking!2.I don't care.=I don'(t) -care.3.I had a bad cold.=I had a ba(d)-cold.
                2爆破音[t]和[d]+鼻辅音[m]和[n] 爆破音[t]和[d]后面紧跟鼻辅音[m]和[n]温菠干,[t]和[d]形成阻碍温菠干,在词末必须通过鼻腔爆破;发音时温菠干,舌尖紧贴上齿龈温菠干,稍放开立刻贴回温菠干,从爆破音到鼻音舌位不变温菠干,让气流通过鼻腔冲出温菠干,在词中则不完全爆破联凑暑。

                [t]和[d]+[m]和[n]在词末

                1. Britain  [tn]Britain is made up of England, Scotland,Wales and Northern Ireland.
                2牢剧条、certain [tn]They are certain to agree.
                3牢剧条、frighten  [tn]The high prices frighten off many customers.
                [t]和[d]+[m]和[n]在词中1牢剧条、admire=a(d)mire    [d]=[m]
                I really admire your enthusiasm.
                2牢剧条、admit=a(d)mit   [d]+[m]She admits to being strict with her children.
                3牢剧条、goodness=goo(d)ness   [d]+[n]Thank goodness! [t]和[d]+[m]和[n]在句中1牢剧条、Good morning!=Goo(d)-morning!
                2牢剧条、Let me take a look.=Le(t)-me take a look.
                3牢剧条、I don't know what to say.=I don'(t)-know what to say.

                3牢剧条、爆破音[t]和[d]+舌边音[l]

                爆破音[t]和[d]后面紧跟舌边音[l]温菠干,则必须由舌两边爆破温菠干,这种情况多发生在词尾联凑暑。爆破音爆破音[t]和[d]后面紧跟清晰舌边[l]温菠干,则为不完全爆破联凑暑。
                [t]和[d]+[l]在词末1.battle  [t]+[l]Any soldiers were killed in the battle.
                2.gentle   [t]+[l]His soap is very gentle on the hands.
                3.little   [t]+[l]I'm a little tired.
                4.settle  [t]+[l]The company has agreed to settle out of court.
                5.title   [t]+[l]Give your name and title联凑暑。
                [t]和[d]+[l]在词中1.heartless=hear(t)less   [t]+[l]The decision does seem a little heartless.
                2.lately=la(te)ly   [t]+[l] Have you seen him lately?
                3.badly=ba(d)ly   [d]+[l]Things have been going badly.
                4.needless=nee(d)less   [d]+[l]Banning somking would save needless deaths.
                [t]和[d]+[l]在句中1.Good luck!=Goo(d)-luck!
                2.I would like to have one.=I woul(d) like to have one.
                3.At last, we made it to his party.=A(t) last, we made it to his party.

                4牢剧条、爆破音+摩擦音/破擦音=失去爆破

                当爆破音后紧跟着摩擦音和破擦音时温菠干,该爆破音形成阻碍温菠干,但不完全爆破联凑暑。

                摩擦音:[f][v][θ][ ð][s][ z][ ʃ][ ʒ ][h][r]破擦音:[ts]-[dz],[tr]-[dr],[tʃ]-[dʒ]单词内失爆1.advance=a(d)vance   [d]+[v]

                We live in an age of rapid technologcical advance.
                2.bookshop=boo(k)shop  [k]+[ ʃ]The bookshop opens at 7 o'clock in the morning.
                3.helpful=hel(p)ful    [p]+[f]A: Sorry, I can't be more helpful.B: Thank you. You're been very helpful. 
                4.lecture=le(c)ture  [k]+[tʃ] Mr Li is giving a lecture to first-year students.
                5.object=o(b)ject    [b]+[dʒ]The object is to educate people about road safety.

                句子内失爆

                1.You look fantastic.=You loo(k)-fantastic.

                2.I'll get there by ten.=I'll ge(t) there by ten.

                3.Let's have a good chat.=Let's have a goo(d)-chat.

                4.I haven't read the book.=I haven'(t)-read the book.

                5.Wish you a great success!=Wish you a grea(t)-success!

                6.Put the book on the desk.=Pu(t)-the book on the desk.

                7.She is one of my old friends.=She is one of my ol(d)-friends.

                8.I'd like a room with a good view.=I'd like a room with a goo(d) view.

                9.I am quite sure that you will win.=I am qui(te) sure that you will win.

                10.Don't judge people only by appearance.=Don'(t) judge people only by appearance.

                3  断句

                当句子较长时温菠干,人们会觉得很难一口气把话说完联凑暑。这时温菠干,可以按语义和语法的关系把句子分为若干段温菠干,每一段就是一个意群联凑暑。换句话说温菠干,意群就是可以构成一个相对独立意思的一段温菠干,是组成句子的部件联凑暑。
                意群和意群之间可以有一定的停顿温菠干,这种停顿和人们的思维活动是一致的联凑暑。但一个意群中的各个单词之间则不可停顿温菠干,整个意群读下来就像一个长单词一样联凑暑。记住:英语不是一个词一个词地说的联凑暑。

                例1:Repeating after tapes is very inportant for beginners.意群:Repeating after tapes | is very inportant | for beginners.跟读录音带对于初学者来说温菠干,是非常重要的联凑暑。

                例2:Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, happy, and wise.

                意群:Early to bed | and early to rise | makes a man | healthy, happy, and wise.睡得早温菠干,起得早温菠干,健康牢剧条、快乐牢剧条、头脑好联凑暑。
                例3:Liu Xiang, who's a brilliant runner,represented China at Olympic Games.意群:Liu Xiang, | who's a brilliant runner, | represented China | at Olympic Games.优秀的跑步运动员刘翔代表中国参加了奥运会联凑暑。
                例4:But the most important argument for a broad education is that in studying the accumulated wisdom of the ages, we improve our moral sense.意群:But | the most important argument | for a broad education | is that | in studying the accumulated wisdom of the ages, | we improve our moral sense.但普及教育最重要的原因在于通过学习前任所凝结的智慧结晶温菠干,使我们的是非道德观得以改善联凑暑。
                意群之间的停顿温菠干,根据说话人的情况而定温菠干,并非一定要停顿不可联凑暑。但如有停顿温菠干,则必须在意群之间温菠干,随意乱停就破坏了语言的节奏联凑暑。

                 4 句子的重音英语中有一则有关句子重音的笑话:有一个人去邮局买了一张邮票温菠干,准备发信温菠干,他问:“Must I stick it on myself?”由于on 不该重读而重读了温菠干,原意“我自己贴(在信封)上吗?”却成了“我得把邮票贴自己身上吗?”结果出了洋相联凑暑。可见温菠干,正确处理句子重读绝对不可忽视联凑暑。句子重读的一般规则在连贯的话语中温菠干,不可能所有的词都同样重要温菠干,必须有些词较为关键温菠干,有些词则相对次要一些联凑暑。一般来说温菠干,关键词需要重读温菠干,这就是句子的重音温菠干,而其他词则不必重读联凑暑。或者可以说成:实词重读温菠干,虚词不重读联凑暑。
                一般需要重读的词(实词/关键词):实义动词牢剧条、名词牢剧条、形容词牢剧条、副词牢剧条、数词牢剧条、疑问词和感叹词等联凑暑。一般需要重读的词(虚词/非关键词):助动词牢剧条、情态动词牢剧条、冠词牢剧条、介词牢剧条、连词牢剧条、物主代词牢剧条、关系代词和关系副词等联凑暑。
                另外温菠干,人称代词牢剧条、连词牢剧条、介词和助动词等一般不重读温菠干,但在特定情景中温菠干,也需要重读联凑暑。如人称代词做并列主语或宾语时需重读温菠干,句首的介词也需要重读温菠干,做主语或宾语的指示代词也需要重读联凑暑。
                在听力考试中温菠干,句子重音可以帮助考生找到关键词温菠干,并把握住主要意思温菠干,正确理解所听的内容联凑暑。一般情况下温菠干,在不需要特别强调或对比某些内容时温菠干,句子的重音通常落在最后一个出现的实词上温菠干,例如:

                例如:The course was more difficult than she had expected, but she got a lot  out of it.译文:这个课程比她想象中的难多了温菠干,但她还是从中学会了很多东西联凑暑。

                这个句子中温菠干,只要听到重读的词或词组就不难正确理解句意联凑暑。(1)courage温菠干, more difficult温菠干, expected;(2)got , lot , out.句子的逻辑重音句子的重音总是要表现说话人的思想和他所表达意思的重点温菠干,有时为了强调温菠干,句子中几乎任何词都可以有句子重音温菠干,包括一些通常没有句子重音的词温菠干,这种依说话者意图重读的音就是逻辑重音联凑暑。

                例如:Did you tell my wife?

                强调“wife”温菠干,你要告诉我妻子吗?强调“my”温菠干,你要告诉我的妻子吗?强调“you”温菠干,你要告诉我的妻子吗?

                5. 语调

                语调是帮助我们表达各种思想感情的重要途径温菠干,英语语调的基本类型有降调牢剧条、升调和平调联凑暑。
                降调表示说话人的态度肯定牢剧条、意思完整牢剧条、语法结构独立;升调表示说话人的态度不肯定牢剧条、意思不完整牢剧条、语法结构不独立;平调一般用于直接引语后面温菠干,表述所说的话温菠干,音高没有高低的变化联凑暑。在意义比较复杂的句子或意群中温菠干,往往结合了三种基本语调温菠干,构成升降调或者降升调温菠干,而使语调变得复杂联凑暑。
                美国英语比英国英语更平民化温菠干,它的语调也更趋于自然温菠干,较少故意的抑扬顿挫;英国英语语调则起伏较大联凑暑。不同的语调可以表示说话人不同的态度和不同的隐含意思联凑暑。英语中同一句话采用不同的语调会产生截然不同的语意概念联凑暑。

                例如:“yes”温菠干,若用降调温菠干,表示说话人对所回答的问题十分确定;若用升调温菠干,表示对问题有疑问联凑暑。语调具有强烈的感情色彩温菠干,它使语言更富有表现力联凑暑。

                1降调

                1. 用于陈述句:例如:I have already seen that movie. ↘译文:这部电影我已经看过了联凑暑。
                2. 用于特殊疑问句:例如:What has happened to him?↘译文:他出什么事儿了?注意:特殊疑问句有时候用升调表示请别人重复刚才他说过的话联凑暑。
                例如:A: I graduated from Lanzhou University and majored in mechanical engineering.↘译文:我毕业于兰州大学工程力学专业联凑暑。B:What was your major?↗译文:你说你的专业是什么?
                3. 用于祈使句:例如:Go back to your seat! Now!↘译文:回到你的座位上去!马上!
                4. 用于感叹句:例如:What a small world!↘译文:这世界竟是如此之小!
                5. 用在选择疑问句中“or”之后的部分:例如:Do you want to drive↗ or walk?↘译文:你想开车还是想步行?

                2升调

                1. 用于一般疑问句:例如:Do you mind if I sit here?↗译文:你介意我坐在这里吗?
                注意:一般疑问句有时候也用降调温菠干,表示一种不耐烦或者命令的语气联凑暑。例如:Are you satisfied?↘译文:这下你该满意了吧联凑暑。
                2. 用于罗列事物时:例如:For each incomplete sentence, there are four choices maked A↗, B↗, C↗, and D↘.译文:对于每一个不完整的句子温菠干,都会给出四个答案温菠干,分别为A牢剧条、B牢剧条、C和D.
                3. 用于陈述句温菠干,表示译文牢剧条、怀疑牢剧条、未定牢剧条、猜测或期待等联凑暑。例如:You really want to do it?↗译文:你真要做这件事吗?
                4. 用于置于句首的状语短语和状语从句:例如:After dinner↗, I read a magazine and made telephone calls.译文:晚饭后温菠干,我看了一本杂志温菠干,还打了几个电话联凑暑。
                5. 用于并列句的第一个分词温菠干,表示句子还未说完:例如:My fever is gone↗, but I still habe a cough.译文:我的烧退了温菠干,但还在咳嗽联凑暑。
                6. 用于委婉祈使句:例如:Excuse me, sir↗. Can you help me↗?译文:先生温菠干,打扰一下温菠干,您能帮我一下吗?
                7. 用于称呼语:例如:Mrs. Smith↗, this is Tom Jones↘.译文:史密斯夫人温菠干,这是汤姆·琼斯联凑暑。平调用于直接引语后温菠干,表示所说的话的具体内容联凑暑。例如:"We are going to Florida," She said brightly.译文:她兴高采烈地说:“我们要到佛罗里达去联凑暑。”

                当然温菠干,以上发音规律的前提还是你对每个音节的发音要够标准哦~

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